Ulkomaille muutaa vuosittain yli 8000 suomalaista. Lähtösyitä ei eritellä, mutta yleensä muutetaan joko töiden, opiskelun tai rakkauden perässä. Useimmat haluavat palata takaisin Suomeen jossakin vaiheessa, ainakin joksikin aikaa. Myös Suomeen muuttavien ulkomaalaisten määrä lisääntyy, koska tietyillä sektoreilla on työvoimapula. Sekä maailmalle lähtevät suomalaiset että tänne tulevat ulkomaalaiset tarvitsevat tukea, jotta asettautuminen uuteen kulttuuriin ja aikanaan takaisin kotimaahan sujuisivat mahdollisimman hyvin.
2019 will bring changes for example to vocational rehabilitation services and to family benefits. Benefits tied to the national pensions index will not be index adjusted this year, but an across-the-board increase will be applied to such benefits as guarantee pensions and the minimum-rate daily allowances payable under national health insurance.
The following is a summary of the key changes in 2019 affecting the social benefits provided by Kela. Some of the relevant laws have yet to be ratified. We will update Kela’s website with the final changes.
Parliament has decided that in 2019 the national pensions index will remain at the 2018 level. The euro amounts of the benefits paid by Kela that are tied to the national pensions index will thus remain the same as last year.
Parliament has, however, made some across-the-board increases or other legislative changes that will have an impact on the euro amounts of some of the benefits tied to the national pensions index.
Mothers raising a child on their own will become eligible for an additional 54 working days of parental allowance payments. The relevant Act of Parliament will come into force on 1 April 2019 and applies to mothers who begin to receive parental benefits on or after that date. The extended period of eligibility is available only if no one else is entitled to a paternity allowance in respect of the child. It also applies to women adopting a child by themselves.
The rights of fathers in multiple-birth families to paternity leave and paternity allowance payments will see improvements on 1 April 2019. Paternity allowance is paid for an additional 18 working days for each child born or adopted at the same time. However, it is payable for a maximum of 105 working days.
The minimum rate of paternal allowance and special care allowance will be increased in 2019. They will both be EUR 27.86 per day (EUR 24.64 in 2018).
The full rate of maternity, paternity or parental allowance is paid also for days on which a parent occupies a public position of trust associated with the municipal government.
Maternity allowance is paid also if pregnancy is terminated after 154 days, in which case also the father is entitled to a paternity allowance for up to 18 working days alongside the maternity leave.
Persons who have undergone female-to-male gender reassignment are eligible for a maternity allowance if they give birth. This will require an amendment of the relevant law in which the word ‘woman’ is replaced with ‘insured person’.
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